National Education Policy (NEP) 2020, (10+2) Education System Is Replaced By (5+3+3+4) System

The National Education Policy (NEP) 2020 has been approved by the Union Cabinet. One of the major decisions taken that the Ministry of Human Resource and Development (MHRD) is renamed as the Ministry of Education.

National Education Policy (NEP) 2020, (10+2) Education System Is Replaced By (5+3+3+4) System
One of the key announcements of the new National Education Policy, NEP 2020 has been the break-down of the existing 10+2 education system and introduction of the 5+3+3+4 structure of School Education. 

Major Decisions: School Education

* Board exams will be low stakes & test actual knowledge instead of rote learning
* Mother tongue to be a medium of instruction till 5th grade
* Report cards will be a comprehensive report on skills and capabilities instead of just marks and statements
* National mission to focus on basic literacy and basic numeracy
* Major changes in the pedagogical structure of curriculum with no rigid separation between streams
* All separations between vocational and academic and curricular and extra-curricular will also be removed
* New National Curriculum Framework for ECE, School, Teachers and Adult Education
* 360 degree Holistic Progress Card of Child
* Tracking Student Progress for Achieving Learning Outcomes


* National assessment center - PARAKH
* NTA to offer Common Entrance Exam for Admission TO HEIs
* National Professional Standards for Teachers (NPST)
* Book Promotion Policy and Digital Libraries
* Transparent online self disclosure for public oversight and accountability
* Universalization of Early Childhood Care Education (ECCE)
* National Mission on Foundational Literacy and Numeracy
* 5+3+3+4 Curricular and Pedagogical Structure
* Curriculum to integrate 21st Century Skills, Mathematical Thinking and Scientific temper
* No Rigid Separation between Arts & Sciences, between Curricular and extra-Curricular activities, between Vocational and Academic streams
* Education of Gifted Children
* Gender Inclusion Fund
* KGBVs upto Grade 12
* Reduction in Curriculum to Core Concepts
* Vocational integration from Class 6 onward

Use of Technology

* Education Planning
* Teaching Learning & Assessment
* Administration & Management
* Regulation- Self Disclosure & Minimum Human Interface
* Increasing Access for Disadvantaged Groups
* Divyang Friendly Education Software
* E-Content in Regional Language
* Virtual Labs
* National Educational Technology Forum (NETF)
* Digitally Equipping Schools, Teachers and Students
* Graded Autonomy: Academic, Administrative & Financial


* Phasing out Affiliation System in 15 years
* National Mission on Mentoring
* Independent Board of Governors (BoG)
* Single Regulator for Higher Education (excluding Legal and Medical)
* On-line Self Disclosure based Transparent System for Approvals in place of 'Inspections'
* Common Norms for Public and Private HEIs
* Private Philanthropic Partnership
* Fee fixation within Board Regulatory Framework
* Public Investment in Education Sector to reach 6% of GDP at the earliest

Major Reforms: Higher Education

* 50% Gross Enrollment Ration by 2035
* Holistic and Multidisciplinary Education- Flexibility of Subjects
* Multiple Entry/Exit
* UG Programme - 3 or 4 years
* PG pgrogramme - 1 or 2 years
* Integrated 5 year bachelor's/Master's
* M Phil to be discontinued
* Credit Transfer and Academic Bank of Credits
* HEIs: Research Intensive/ Teaching Intensive Universities and Autonomous Degree Granting College
* Model Multidisciplinary Education and Research University (MERU)
* The present Education Policy was adopted in 1986 which have been continued till date that is for last 34 years
* The country got the education policy after 34 years
* The Union Cabinet, chaired by the PM himself, has approved the Draft of National Education Policy today morning.
* The Cabinet has also accepted the puposal of changing name of MHRD to Education Ministry.
* The vision of creating an education system that contributes directly to transforming the country, providing high-quality education to all, and making India a global knowledge superpower.

Download NEP 2020: Click Here